The Barnes Review, September/October 2004

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VOLUME X, NUMBER 5


Table of Contents

TOLKIEN’S MYTHOS

By Stephen Goodson. What exactly was Tolkien getting at with his Lord of the Rings trilogy? What was his basic political and moral stance that led him to construct such a fantasy world? This essay provides some hints.

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    The Barnes Review, September-October 2004The Barnes Review, September/October 2004: Tolkien’s Mythos

    VOLUME X, NUMBER 5


    Table of Contents

    TOLKIEN’S MYTHOS

    By Stephen Goodson. What exactly was Tolkien getting at with his Lord of the Rings trilogy? What was his basic political and moral stance that led him to construct such a fantasy world? This essay provides some hints.

    THE FIGHT AGAINST USURY

    By Juri Lina. Until the dawn of the modern era, nearly every government and religious figure condemned usury. It was almost universally considered a crime and a form of extortion. However, in contemporary times, it is considered as a matter of course. How did this come about?

    SECRETS OF THE PANAMA CANAL

    By John Tiffany. Although U.S. history generally recalls the legend of tough-talking Theodore Roosevelt and his role in the construction of the Panama Canal—his famous “speak softly and carry a big stick” diplomacy being a hallmark of the historical record—far less known is the international financial intrigue surrounding the construction of the canal and the role of a powerful New York-based banking family, the House of Selig man, in the behind-the-scenes maneuvering.

    THE MYSTERIOUS NAZCA LINES

    By John Tiffany. In southern Peru, nearly 800 miles of lines and zigzags were carved into the landscape. These are of ancient origin, but few have any idea of what they might represent. Only speculation exists. John Tiffany attempts to make sense of this mystery.

    DOSTOYEVSKI UNDERGROUND

    By Dr. M. Raphael Johnson, PH.D. Notes from Underground is one of the least appreciated of Dostoyevsky’s massive corpus. It is a work part fiction and part philosophy. There are many interpretations of this work, and TBR’s editor provides his own reading of this masterpiece&

    INTEGRATION & URBAN PLANNING

    By Thomas J. Herron. Previously to the failed experiment of “integration,” America was a federation of ethnic groups, each largely living their own lives. However, their strong commitment to separatism put them outside of the coming New World Order. They needed to be de stroyed. Integration was the key. A book review.

    THE WRATH OF GOD

    By St. Cyprian of Carthage. While still a pagan, the enthusiastic future saint courted discussions with converts to Christianity. He sought to vanquish, but was himself vanquished by, the new religion. Cyprian is noted for writing his “Testimony Against the Jews.” Parts of that testimony are reproduced here.

    CHURCH & STATE: FRIEND OR FOE?

    By Geoff Muirden. The institutionalization of the liberties that have come to mark the Anglo-American tradition was the result of a long and torturous development. The Puritan religious tradition was one of the ingredients of this development, and its role has been debated hotly. Were the Puritans radically misunderstood?

    THE RISE & FALL OF AMERICA

    By Paul Bennett. According to the author, America was conceived as a Christian republic. Today, that republic has become a pagan oligarchy rivaling that of decadent, late Rome. How did we get here?

    RYAN VERSUS COUGHLIN

    By Thomas J. Herron. At the dawn of World War II, the debate was heating up concerning the moral correctness of intervention on the side of the Allies. In American Catholic circles, this debate was distilled to the conflict between the “New Dealer” and interventionist Fr. John Ryan and the famed America First, Catholic orator Fr. Charles Coughlin. Their debates are as timely now as when they were uttered in the late 1930s.

    FIVE INVASIONS OF FRANCE

    By Michael Walsh. Often historians do not think of it in this way, but the path of the Second World War led to France being invaded no fewer than five times. From the German assault of 1940 to the return of a vengeful Charles de Gaulle, France was one of the great victims of the war.

    WHO CREATED OLD GLORY?

    By Margo Turner & John Tiffany. TBR is delighted to publish this historical essay from former Spotlight writer Margo Turner. Her argument is simple: the design of the American flag, the second design that was eventually adopted, was not created by Betsy Ross but an obscure Baltimore widow named Mary Pickersgill. Here is her story…

    8.5″×11″, saddle stitched, 80 pp., b/w illustrations