Tunnel Rats of Vietnam

Tunnel Rats of Vietnam

Vietnam’s Little-Known Underground War and the Men and Women Who Fought It. By Harald Hesstvedt Scharnhorst. Vietnam is a land of incredible beauty: lush tropical jungles, winding, broad rivers and rice pad-dies. Small villages dot this land, worked by peasants, who have lived there for centuries. Eighty-five percent rural, the few large cities and towns…

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The Genocide of the Boers

The Genocide of the Boers

By Stephen Mitford Goodson. The Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) remains unique in the annals of modern history. For the first time in the modern era, war was deliberately waged by a supposedly civilized nation on innocent women and children.

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Viking Explorers in Ancient America

Viking Explorers in Ancient America

Author Says Norsemen Made It All The Way to the West Coast. Regular readers of TBR are well aware that the Vikings surely sailed in Hudson Bay and explored eastern North America, penetrating as far as what we now call Minnesota and the Dakotas and as far south as New England. (See the May/June 2012 and May/June 2015 TBR editions.) But wait—did they also navigate along the West Coast of North America?

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The Beginning of the English Reformation

The Beginning of the English Reformation

Matthew Raphael Johnson Johnstown, PA I. The Reformation, whether in England or Germany, is a well traveled topic. The impact of both movements have been immense and global in scope. This paper will deal with the beginning (and causes) of the reformation in England, including the infamous declaration of “independence” by Henry VIII, the most…

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New Paper on The Second German Reich

New Paper on The Second German Reich

The Second German Reich: German Industrialization and the Romantic-Nationalist Tradition Matthew Raphael Johnson German industrialization was rapid, successful and, importantly, strongly controlled by the state. The German situation in the second half of the 19th century was that of a strong ethnic unity that had not yet achieved political or economic unity. Beginning with the…

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Hannibal and the Punic Wars

Hannibal and the Punic Wars

The Punic Wars and the Development of Rome Matthew Raphael Johnson Senior Researcher The Barnes Review   The Punic Wars were a clash of two growing societies and their aspirations for supremacy of Mediterranean. The two polities was the growing Roman republic and the African commercial city of Carthage. The Punic Wars were not just…

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Who Were the Tartars?

Who Were the Tartars?

In the last issue, I argued that the Mongols did not invade Russia. It is normally the case that “Mongol” and “Tartar” are used simultaneously. If the Mongols and Tartars were not from Mongolia, then who were they? In 1817 Christian Kruse published his Atlas of European history. There, or the first time, the term “Mongol-Tartar”…

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